Dr. Henry Markram has set a goal of creating a fully functioning artificial human brain within ten years. He has already created a functioning rat brain which he plans to connect to a robot. If computing speeds continue to develop at their current exponential pace, and energy efficiency improves, Markram believes that he’ll be able to model a complete human brain on a single machine in approximately ten years. "If we build it correctly it should speak and have an intelligence and behave very much as a human does."
Bluebrain | Year One from Couple 3 Films on Vimeo.
Read more about the Blue Brain project in this article at Seed magazine.
If you found the Blue Brain project interesting, you may also be interested in DARPA SyNAPSE Program
Also, check out Tel-Aviv University's artificial rat brain cerebellum